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What is Web Hosting & Its types

Web hosting is a service that enables businesses, organizations and individuals to post a webpage or website on to the Internet. A web hosting service is a business that offers technologies and services necessary for a webpage or website to be viewed on the Internet. Websites are stored or hosted on special computers known as servers.

When people want to view any website, all they need is to type that website address into their browser. Immediately their computer will connect to the server and the webpages will be delivered to them through the browser.

Most hosting providers require you to own your domain name in order to host with them. If you don’t have one, these companies will help you buy one.

Different Types of Web Hosting Services

There are different types of web hosting options that you can use to host your website. Before choosing any web hosting service, it is important to first understand the kind of service your website needs, your budget, the kind of server you or your business needs, and type of services the web host offers.

Hosting options available to you are:

  • Free Hosting
  • Dedicated Hosting
  • Shared Hosting
  • Collocated Hosting

Free Hosting

Free web hosting can work for you when you just want a non-critical website for some fun. In most of the free hosting environments, the connection speed is slow, there can be advertisements, and website can be down frequently. Many services require you to buy a domain name to receive free hosting services from them. Some may offer you a free sub-domain (yourname.webhost.com). So be careful as you’ll not be able to transfer any of these free sub-domains to other Web Hosting Companies.

Dedicated Hosting

In case of dedicated web hosting, you get the entire web server to yourself. This ensures faster performance as you have complete control over server resources, and you won’t have to share them with other website owners. This also means, you will have to bear the cost of maintenance and server operation entirely. This is best choice for websites that get lot of traffic and need lot of system resources and higher level of security.

Shared Hosting

In a shared hosting environment, all website owners share just one server. This includes sharing physical server and software applications working on that server. The best thing about this service is that it is highly affordable as cost to operate the server is shared by all users. However, there are few downsides, such as being slower.

Collocated Hosting

In this type of hosting, you buy your own server and get it installed in web host’s facilities. Here you are responsible for the server itself. The benefit of this hosting service is that you have full control of the web server and you can install any applications and scripts you need.


Choosing a good hosting package can be cumbersome. The first step is to understand the type of web hosting you need: vps, shared, collocated, dedicated or cloud and for the same you can contact web hosting service provider who can help you to get the best deal within your budget.